From Fault Tree to Credit Risk Assessment: A Case Study

Abstract : Reliability has been largely applied to industrial systems in order to study the various possibilities of systems' failure. It targets the chain of events leading to any system's failure, namely the top event. Looking for the minimal paths yielding any system's fault allows for a better control of systems' safety. To this end, reliability is composed of a static approach (see Ngom et al. [1999] for example) as well as a dynamic approach (see Reory and Andrews [2006] for example). In this paper, we extend the framework of Gatfaoui (2006) who applies fault tree theory to credit risk assessment. The author explains that fault tree is one alternative approach of reliability, which matches default risk analysis in a simple framework. Our extension includes other distributions of probability to model the lifetimes of French firms while studying the related empirical default probabilities. We use mainly, but not exclusively, continuous distributions for which the exponential law used by Gatfaoui (2006) constitutes a particular case. Our results exhibit both the exponential nature of French firms' lifetimes as well as strong convex and fast decreasing time varying failure rates. Such a feature has some non-negligible impact insofar as it characterizes corresponding credit spreads' term structure.
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International Research Journal of Finance and Economics, EuroJournals, 2008, vol. 14, pp.379-401
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Contributeur : Jérémy Savey <>
Soumis le : jeudi 10 février 2011 - 16:09:50
Dernière modification le : jeudi 10 février 2011 - 16:09:50

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  • HAL Id : hal-00564963, version 1

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Hayette Gatfaoui. From Fault Tree to Credit Risk Assessment: A Case Study. International Research Journal of Finance and Economics, EuroJournals, 2008, vol. 14, pp.379-401. 〈hal-00564963〉

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