Headquarters' control capacity and the choice of R&D organizational forms abroad

Abstract : This paper explains how the efficiency of control mechanisms affects the choice of organizational forms by MNCs that decentralize their R&D activities abroad. We identify five main organizational forms: wholly owned green-field subsidiary, wholly owned acquired subsidiary, joint venture, cross-licensing agreements, and unilateral licensing agreements. A questionnaire addressed to the managers of American and European MNCs shows that firms' choice of organizational form is related to the efficiency of control mechanisms over the R&D activities. We find that the internalization choice is underprivileged because of behavioral control difficulties. The difficulties of coordinating R&D activities reduce the parent firms' capacity to assess the strategic performance of R&D activities in a joint venture. The findings also show that the limited feasibility of assessing the financial performance of R&D activities does not affect negatively the choice of joint venture. So far, the option of either unilateral or cross-licensing agreements is employed even though there are divergences in rules, laws, and procedures between partners. Our findings provide empirical evidence on the strategic choice of R&D organizational forms abroad.
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Article dans une revue
Bankers Markets & Investors : an academic & professional review, Groupe Banque, 2013, pp 4-16
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https://hal-rbs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00862483
Contributeur : Sandrine Palmer <>
Soumis le : lundi 16 septembre 2013 - 17:48:31
Dernière modification le : vendredi 8 juin 2018 - 14:50:08

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Dhikra Chebbi Nekhili, Mehdi Nekhili, Walid Cheffi. Headquarters' control capacity and the choice of R&D organizational forms abroad. Bankers Markets & Investors : an academic & professional review, Groupe Banque, 2013, pp 4-16. 〈hal-00862483〉

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